2021-09-26 17:04:09 来源：网络
[collection name]: blue and white pot
[collection type]: porcelain
【藏品简介】：青花瓷（blue and white porcelain），又称白地青花瓷，常简称青花，是中国瓷器的主流品种之一，属釉下彩瓷。青花瓷是用含氧化钴的钴矿为原料，在陶瓷坯体上描绘纹饰，再罩上一层透明釉，经高温还原焰一次烧成。钴料烧成后呈蓝色，具有着色力强、发色鲜艳、烧成率高、呈色稳定的特点。原始青花瓷于唐宋已见端倪，成熟的青花瓷则出现在元代景德镇的湖田窑。明代青花成为瓷器的主流。清康熙时发展到了顶峰。
[collection introduction]: blue and white porcelain, also known as white ground blue and white porcelain, often referred to as blue and white, is one of the mainstream varieties of Chinese porcelain and belongs to underglaze colored porcelain. Blue and white porcelain is made from cobalt ore containing cobalt oxide, painted on the ceramic body, covered with a layer of transparent glaze, and fired at one time by high temperature reduction flame. Cobalt material is blue after firing, which has the characteristics of strong coloring power, bright hair color, high firing rate and stable color. The original blue and white porcelain appeared in the Tang and Song Dynasties, while the mature blue and white porcelain appeared in the Hutian kiln in Jingdezhen of the Yuan Dynasty. Blue and white porcelain became the mainstream in the Ming Dynasty. The development reached its peak during the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty.
This blue and white pot: from the whole shape, it is dignified and straight, the lines of the utensils are smooth, the body is full, symmetrical and light, full of a graceful beauty, very vivid. The production skills are superb, the decoration method is unique, the patterns are vivid and exquisite, the proportion of the division points of the mouth, abdomen, skirt and feet is symmetrical, and the sense of art is very strong. It shows the proficiency of blue and white technology. It is the rare porcelain that can best represent the typical culture and artistic spirit of blue and white. It is of great ornamental value and high collection value.
青花瓷器，是以钴料为着色剂，在洁白干燥的瓷胚上，用毛笔勾画出各种图案，再罩上一层 透明釉 ，置于高温还原焰中一次烧制而成的，属釉下彩瓷的一种。它集绘画、书法、工艺于一身，以其素雅大方、幽菁明快的色调散发着独特的艺术魅力。凝聚着祖先们智慧和汗水而创造出来的瓷器，不仅为我国赢得了“瓷国”的美誉，而且使这项原本具有实用性的 手工产品 ，与高度的技术和各种审美理念相结合，成为我国特有的民族艺术项目之一。
Blue and white porcelain is a kind of underglaze colored porcelain, which is made by using cobalt as colorant, sketching various patterns with a brush on a white and dry porcelain embryo, covering it with a layer of transparent glaze and firing it in a high-temperature reduction flame. It integrates painting, calligraphy and crafts. It exudes unique artistic charm with its simple, elegant, quiet and bright colors. The porcelain created by condensing the wisdom and sweat of our ancestors has not only won the reputation of "porcelain country" for China, but also made this originally practical handmade product, combined with a high degree of technology and various aesthetic ideas, become one of China's unique national art projects.